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Středočeský kraj

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Plzeňský kraj

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Jihočeský kraj

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Karlovarský kraj

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Ústecký kraj


Říp mountain is significant dominant of Elbe lowlands with roman rotunda on its top. It is visible on long distance as it rises from large flatlands. But it is not the reason why do tousands people annually visit this mountain, ready to climb the sharp slopes from which one may admire beautyfull outlook to the landscape. True reason for such a trip is the fact that the Říp mountain is an cornerstone of czech national history and/or mythology. Here it all started for us. According to the legends and myths was first place of Slovanian settlement right here. Under the leadership of patriarch Čech they started czech history here and also here the land was named upon the name of their leader Čech. And here he should say memorable words: „This is the promised land, rich in birds and animals, profuse of honey.

This is also the reason why there were frequent national pilgrimage, on the top of Říp spoken national revivalists and when there was a national feast, lines of pilgrims were without end. Most memorable pilgrimages took place here in 1848, 1868, 1900 and 1914. And when the revivalist were to build the National Theatre in Prague, the corner-stone had been taken right from the foothills of this moutnain.

On the top of the hill stands a roman rotunda st. George, originally devoted to saint Vojtěch. It was build by the duke Soběslav I. in the memory of victory in the battle by Chlumec upon the older church in 1126. There is in the church of st. George small museum in present times.

Upon stony paths leads to the top several marked turistic routes. There is a possibility of refreshment in a travellers cotagge build in 1907. The partiotic writting on the wall says eloquently: „What means Mecca for Muhammad should mean Říp for the Czech.“

Bohemian Switzerland

The territory of the Bohemian Switzerland National Park – the youngest of the Czech Republic’s four national parks – forms a part of the larger territory of the Elbe Sandstones, which has been called Czech and Saxon Switzerland for nearly two centuries. A part of the credit for this romantic name goes to Adrian Zingg and Anton Graff, two Swiss painters and teacher at the Dresden Academy in the mid-18th century. They travelled along the Elbe to visit places between Pirna and Hřensko, and their paintings became the basis of the local veduta works and for the promotion of the beauties of nature. Starting in the second half of the 19th century, the area became very popular, which was supported by the owners of the land, the Kinský and Clary-Aldringen families, by making accessible to tourists the most interesting locations such as the Kamenice River Canyon, Pravčice Gate (Pravčická brána) or the lookouts near Jetřichovice.

The romantic attraction of the landscape resulted in the establishment of the oldest mountaineering associations in the country – the Mountaineering Association for Bohemian Switzerland (1878) and the Mountaineering Association for Northernmost Bohemia (1885).

The efforts to ensure statutory protection of Bohemian Switzerland date back to the early 1900s, but the Elbe Sandstones area was awarded consistent protection as late as 1972 by the declaration of the Elbe Sandstones Protected Landscape Area. Twenty-eight years later, the most valuable part of the PLA was granted the highest protection level by becoming a national park.

The Bohemian Switzerland National Park was declared with effect from 01/01/2000 and has an area of 79 km², 97 % of which is covered by forests. The National Park Administration is based in Krásná Lípa. The main object of protection in the Bohemian Switzerland National Park is the unique geomorphology of the rock city and the related diversity of plant and animal species. The landscape is characterised by numerous ledges, canyons, sandstone towers and table rocks rising over the vast sea of forests, which will literally amaze a perceptive visitor.

The landscape of the Bohemian chalkstone plate is enriched by Tertiary volcanic formations dominated by the highest peak of the Bohemian Switzerland National Park - Růžovský vrch (619 m, natural nature preserve) with virgin forest ecosystems. On the contrary, the Elbe Canyon (Kaňon Labe) in Hřensko is the lowest point of the Czech Republic (114 m).

The original natural forests have been preserved on the inaccessible cliffs; the rare animal species include the garden dormouse, peregrine falcon, black stork, lynx or insect species unknown elsewhere; the rare vascular plants include the typical marsh tea, crowberry, twoflower violet or claspleaf twistedtalk. Also characteristic is an abundance of fernwort, with the typical species being the deer fern. The non-vascular plants include a number of moss plants and rare fungi. The typical phenomenon is climatic inversion, in which cold air streams down to the bottom of the gorges and the altitudinal vegetation zones are reversed. As a consequence, subalpine and alpine animal and plant species occur at altitudes of around 150 metres.

The unusual harmony of nature is complemented by the numerous structures of vernacular architecture consisting of timbered and semi-timbered houses and situated in the villages along the perimeter of the National Park.


Žatec is the oldest historically proven city in Ústí region, its mentioned by chronicler Thietmar of Merserburk in 1004. Přemyslid settled here already since the 9th century and within its settlement was build st. Vitus church in the beginning of 11th century.

Czech kings were gratefull to establishing new city. It was becouse of its appropriate location on the merchant route from Prague to Cheb. Přemysl Otakar II. bestowed to the city benefitial juristic rights.

Since the Thirty-year War the political importance of Žatec declined, in contrary rised the importance of the region as a front producer of hop used for beer brewing. Beer brewery is firmly rooted here because of excelent natural conditions and long flourishing tradition. The fame of local beer had been rising gradually and was delivered even across the ocean since 1879.

There is a lot touristical attractions prepared for visitors of Žatec. To visit invites Radhaus Tower, Regional Museum K.A. Polánka or Křížová vila. You may take an excursion in local brewery including beer tasting. Atractive destination is also the Nechratice Dam with longest fill dam in Central Europe.

There is also annual and very popular pot and beer festival in Žatec every year in the end of August.


Corporate town Teplice is situated in the dell of Czech Middle Mountains and Giant Mountains. Indisputable dominant of the city is the Doubrava hill, but for most of visitors are more important local baths. Aside of spas and natural beauties there is also possible to admire a wide range of historical sightseenigs.
Settlement in this area is archeologically proven already befor 40 000 years. According to the legend narrated by the Václav Hájek z Libočan thermal wells were discovered in Teplice in the 762. In fact, local healing wells were not mentioned until 1057. The city was first mentioned in so-called Jarlochova chronicle in 13th century.

Owner of local manor changed fast at the beginning of modern period. On the place of original monastery was built renaissance castle and balneology flourished. In the end of 17th century there appeared first tourists which have visited Teplice more and more often. In the following century city witnessed large development of industry and opening of first brown coal mines.

After a large fire in 1793 there was large architectural activity and city grew in classicist style. The following growth of balneology attracted many famous personalities (for example L. van Beethoven, Johann W. Goethe).

Out of numerous architectural attractions we may stress church of St. John the Baptist built in 1585, originally evangelical church of Prokop Holý. One can´t miss also the castle area with castle rebuilt in 19th century or one of spa houses. And if you will eventually get full of architecture the city may offer also botanical garden or planetarium. Our tip for the trip outside the city is the visit of ruins of Doubravská hora castle on the hill near the city.


Pictorial village Hřensko is one of most desired tourist destinations in protected area Labské pískovsce and also entry gate to National Park Bohemian Switzerland. Large part of Hřensko is located in a valley surrounded with tall walls of rocky slopes and rivers Kamenice, Tichá and Divoká offers a excellent frame for romantic boat trips. Local speciality is appearance of mountain flora in relatively low altitudes.

Before present settlement there was just a pub which had been serving for bargee´s and sailor´s refreshment. Since 16th century more people settled here....

Liberecký kraj

Liberec Region is located in the north of the Czech Republic. The area includes the north of the Czech basin, Giant Mountains, west of the Krkonoše Mountains and the eastern foothills of the Lusatian Mountains. Its northern edge are the 20 km border with Germany, followed by the 130 km long border with Poland.

There are several significant border crossings in the region. These are supplemented by a number of border crossings opened to provide limited cross-border contact. That is why tourism plays a significant a role in the Liberec Region; every year it is visited by hunderds of thousands of tourists who are attracted by the diversity of its nature. The Jizera and Krkonoše Mountains extending across the region are the most famous mountain ranges. There are many opportunities to hike, bike, and do winter sports there. The Ještěd area above Liberec provides unique conditions for winter sports. Beside pistes of various difficulty levels, there are ski jumps where ski jumping competitions are held every year. In addition, the landscape is enhanced  by many natural places of interest, water areas, streams, and historical monuments. Spas, visited by people from the neighboring countries of the Nisa Euroregion, also play an important role.

Lovers of sports find ideal conditions and facilities for many sports in the region. Football is the most popular game; children are trained from an early age. Tourism and many other sports are also engaged in. Cycling has become more and more popular not only with the inhabitants of the Liberec Region but foreigners increasingly come to experience the local natural beauty by bike too. One of the best areas for this activity is the Czech Paradise. People use the bicycle – so popular recently – to see many interesting natural places and historical monuments in all of the Liberec Region.


Liberec is situated in Northern Bohemia in the so-called Frýdlant process, in a valley between the Jizera Mountains and Ještěd Ridge . The town of Liberec is situated on the northernmost cities in the Czech Republic. The highest point is 1,012 m high peak of Mount, the lowest point of 361 m above sea level is located in Machnin. Currently Liberec offers many attractions. The most attractive example is the recently renovated castle from the 16th and 17 century, which was once residence of Count Clam-Gallas, now called the ”glass palace“, offering the best form of Czech glassmakers hands. In addition to the castle, the town boasts many important buildings such as town hall, built in Neo-Renaissance style in 1893 and Frantisek Xaver Salda Theater in 1893. Building societies, museums, chambers of commerce are the core of the historic city, which adorn the villa district of 19th and 20th century.

Ještěd tower

Few towns can boast such an obvious landmark, such as for Liberec mountain ridge is 1012 m high peak of a mountain crowned a remarkable silhouette of the hotel. Ještěd is not only a symbol of the city - also offers spectacular views of the surrounding area, in summer the ideal conditions for hiking, winter kept ski slopes and ski lifts, ski jumps, which are regularly held in the winter season races.

Botanical and Zoological Garden

In the local botanic garden can be seen year-round collection of orchids and carnivorous plants, the oldest camellias in Europe and longest cultivated bonsai in Europe. There are even aquariums and terrariums. Zoo is situated on 15 hectares on which the visitor encounters a 170 species of animals. Among the most famous include the exposure of birds of prey, Rothschild's giraffes, snow leopards, macaques lions, Humboldt penguins and the famous white tigers.

Babylon Centre

Babylon Centre project is a unique family entertainment that is currently ranked among the most attractive Liberec. This is quite a large complex built in a roofed area of ​​the former factory, which represents in essence ”a small town under one roof.“ The main tourist attraction is a large Aquapark Babylon - the first of its kind in the Czech Republic. It consists of a set of pools with water spouts, waterfalls, cascades, slides and water slides for children, in turn, offers a pleasant relaxing stay in the romantic caves with marine aquariums.

Královéhradecký kraj

Hradec Králové and Hradecko

Hradec Králové, the principle city of the region Hradecko, lies at the confluence of the River Elbe and Orlice. This beautiful city entices visitors to numerous attractions ranging from historical landmarks to natural sceneries and well-maintained golf courses. Its history goes back to the 9th century. In medieval times Hradec Králové used to be a dowry of czech queens and later a military fortress, it also experienced the destructive Hussite Wars and fires of the Thirty Years War. Later it became famous as a Centre oflearning and also as a centre of Czech National Revival. In the 20th century it became one of the finest examples of urban planning among Czech cities. There are two walking circuits that take you closer to the exceptional treasures of the town. Besides the architectural monuments in the historical town reserve, Hradec Králové has several other unique sights to offer, such as the Giant Aquarium or Museum of Aviation.

The landscape of Hradecko combines in itself an ideal environment for a family holiday and relaxation, outdoor activities and cycling. For nature-lovers there is a large woodland complex in the south-eastern part of the territory stretching from the limits of Hradec Králové to Choceň. The town is also known for its greenery, thanks to large landscaped municipal parks, where protected monumental trees can be seen. There are also many walking and cycling routes, with resting places built along the main forest paths, ready to welcome hikers and cyclists alike.. Orlice River is a natural phenomenon of national significance, it has an unregulated lower stream, which lets the river meander gently through the country. The meandering river with frequent side channels hides the beauty of ancient pools and mystical creeks of marshes and alluvial forests.

Český ráj - |The Bohemian Paradise

Accept our invitation to a charming area north-east of Prague. Sandstone rock formations, castles, chateaux, romantic ruins, buildings and small structures of folk architecture and its fairy-tale quality brings a large number of tourists to this picturesque region every year. We invite you to the charming Bohemian Paradise associated with many stories, fairy-tales and legends.

Krkonoše – The Giant Mountains

The Giant Mountains is the most visited mountain range in the Czech Republic as it offers sports and hiking opportunities all year round. The rugged terrain of the Giant Mountains pleases the eye and numerous mountain chalets make hiking from one place to another easy. A visit to the highest mountain in the Czech Republic Sněžka (1602 m) and the Elbe spring area is a must for every Czech. A varied choice of natural beauty and leisure activities await you.

Kladsko Borderland

The area of the Kladsko Borderland is situated next to the Giant Mountains at the border with Poland. The region, which is associated with a chequered past as well as famous personalities, will enthrall you with its diversity – charming hilly landscapes, gentle valleys around the Rivers Úpa and Metuje, majestic table mountains, dramatic ravines and gorges, rock mushroom-like formations and towers.

For further information visit www.kralovehradeckyregion.cz.

Pardubický kraj

Pardubice Region is situated on the border of Bohemia and Moravia. It has plenty of attractive natural and recreational areas, historical monuments and interesting sights for tourists. The protected landscape areas include the Železné mountains and the Orlické mountains, Žďárské vrchy, the area of Králický Sněžník, the highest mountain range in the region with a highest point of 1423 m, and the landscape along the Elbe river.

Pardubice and surrounding

Pardubice  is situated in lowland of Eastern Bohemia on the banks of the rivers Labe and Chrudimka. Many people think it is the town of industry. The dominantof the region is Kuneticka mountain, the Iron Mountains, the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands, the mountains and Giant Eagle, sometimes for Kozakov and Ralsko. The picturesque historic center of Pardubice, the surviving evidence of extensive reconstruction carried out in the late 15th and 16th Pernstein century masters. The noble family of the Pardubice chose for his residence in the country. One of the landmarks of Pardubice is 95 m high Green gate, from the walkway is offering a panoramic view of the city and surrounding areas. Treasured landmarks are St. Bartholomew's Church of the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary and other churches in the suburbs. Historical city over the so-called compartments goes through the Pardubice castle, which is unique transition between preserved castles.

Medieval castles established from the 13th century onwards at strategic points in the region are among the most valuable architectural monuments. The dominant feature of the Železné mountains is Lichnice Castle. The ruins of Oheb Castle overlooking Seč dam offer a wonderful viewpoint for tourists. Rychmburk Castle dominates the southern part of the region. The ruins of medieval feudal residences scattered in the Železné mountains and near the Orlické mountains are also well worth visiting, as are the Svojšice fortress near Pardubice. Lanšperk, Brandýs and Žampach, in the Ústí nad Orlicí area, and the small castles at Žumberk and Rabštejn in the Chrudim district are also recommended. The Košumberk Castle ruins near Luže are of particular historical value. The most significant historical monuments in the region are connected with the noble Pernštejn family, from Moravia, who had two huge castles built, at Litice on the Orlice and on Kunětická hora near Pardubice.

Country symbols

Pardubice is the famous horse breeding. Their symbol is one of the oldest studs in the world in Kladruby, whose history dates back to the early 16th century, the region is the whole range of tourist stables and riding clubs. More than one hundred years in Pardubice is the oldest and most difficult race on the continent Grand Pardubice Steeplechase. Also, sports fans here come into their own. Every year here take plays Speedway for the Golden Helmet of the Czech Republic. Visitors should, however, certainly did not forget to taste the local famous painted Pardubice gingerbread and excellent beer.



The history of this old town, on the Sázava River, reaches back to the beginning of the 13th century. The original settlement near silver mines became a town with royal rights. About one hundred relics are preserved from the rich history of the town. The town centre has been a conservation reserve since the 1980s. It includes town walls with bastions, the historical centre with a baroque square, the plentiful embellishments of the churches, a fountain with a figure of Triton, a symbol of betrayal on the New Town Hall tower, mentioned in legends, or one of the most valuable bells in the Czech lands are only a taster of the historical riches that are here for visitors to see.

The Carolina Grammar School is quite interesting – many famous people studied here, e.g. Josef Dobrovský, Bedřich Smetana, Jan Zrzavý and Karel Havlíček Borovský, whose name has been part of the town’s name since 1945.


The Humpolec settlement, lying on an old regional route, is mentioned in historical sources from the 12th century. The settlement belonged to an order of the German knights, to the monastery in Želiv and to many noble families. During the 13th century the importance of the region increased thanks to silver mining and the settlement developed quickly. Under the Lords of Dubé the settlement was promoted to a town at the end of the 14th century.
Several decades later the Humpolec region turned to Hussite doctrine – a local, John of Želiv, became a famous leader of radical Prague citizens. After silver mining came to an end at the end of the 15th century the beginning of the drapery tradition was established. The Lords of Leskovec started to build a castle on a hill over the town and called it Orlík. At the end of the 18th century the first factories were established and the importance of the Jewish settlement increased. Drapery production went through such development that in the 19th century the town was called the "Czech Manchester". The family brewery Bernard, whose products are famous far beyond the borders of the region, carries on the tradition of beer making.

Many exceptional personalities come from this region, often world famous ones, e.g. the world famous anthropologist, a warden of the National Museum of the USA, Dr. Aleš Hrdlička, Gustav Mahler – a world famous conductor and composer, Josef Stranský – who became an American conductor, Jindřich Honzl - director of the Osvobozené and National Theatres, Dr. F. Hamza - the founder of pulmonary sanatoria and a writer of the Zálesí region. Every ten years, on the anniversary of the birth of Dr. Hrdlička, an international anthropological congress is held in the town.


Jihlava, the oldest mining city in Bohemia, arose during the first half of the 13th century during colonisation of the area, accelerated after the discovery of silver ore. The outflow of wealth from mining was reflected in the generousness of its disposition. Three main church buildings were built almost at the same time – the Parish Church of St. James the Elder and the monastery complexes of the Minorites and the Dominicans. Royal privileges guaranteed prosperity for the city and Jihlava soon became one of the influential cities in the kingdom. It was protected by massive walls, the square was bordered by stone houses with arcades and coins were minted in the city. Jihlava also occupied a leading position in the legal field – for the first time in the Central Europe mining law, along with civil law, was codified here, which became a model for many other mining cities.

The importance of silver mining decreased at the end of the 14th century, when the richest veins of pure silver were depleted. However, the economic development of the city at that time depended on trade and crafts – drapery in particular became the decisive economic branch for the next three centuries. A big fire in 1523 ended the medieval phase of construction in the city, which was renovated in Renaissance style.

After the damage caused by the Swedish occupation at the end of the Thirty Years War had been cleared, the city was renovated in the baroque spirit and achieved new economic and cultural development. The Empress Marie Therese invited Dutch drapers to the town and their experience lead to an advancement in production. In the second half of the 18th century Jihlava was the second biggest producer of cloth in the monarchy. The city gradually expanded beyond its tight walls, the square gained street lighting, and the town hall was rebuilt. At the beginning of the 19th century the city gates and narrow gateways were demolished and the facades of houses were adapted in classical style.


The history of the town stretches back to the 12th century. The town was in the possession of Prague bishops – the tradition considers Bishop Pelhřim (in Latin Pelegrin) to be the founder of this town. The town emblem underlines this fact with its image of a pilgrim at a gate between two towers.

The original settlement from the 12th century was probably established on the site of the what is now Old Pelhřimov. Later on its name also included a settlement around the Church of St. Vitus. After Vítek of Hluboká plundered the settlement in 1289 a new town – protected by ramparts and ditch – was founded in its immediate neighbourhood. The original oval ground plan has been preserved up to the present day. The town rapidly developed from the middle of the 14th century. It gained a number of privileges from its owners – Prague bishops. It became a trade centre for its surroundings and handicrafts flourished – cloth manufacturing, canvas manufacturing, the weaving trade and production of perník (a kind of gingerbread). In the period of the Hussite Revolution Pelhřimov was governed by Hussite district commissioners. The town was transferred into the possession of Mikuláš Trčka of Lípa in 1437. At that time Pelhřimov was well-known for its many ornamented city houses and its strong ramparts and tall gates. Two of the gates are preserved.

In the middle of the 16th century the Říčanský family of Říčany became the new owners. They built a palace in the upper part of the city square. After prolonged disputes with manorial nobility the town bought its freedom from serfdom in 1572 and an Imperial Charter of Rudolf II promoted Pelhřimov to a royal town in 1596.The peaceful development of the town was interrupted by the Thirty Years War. The town was invaded several times and damaged by several fires. Most of the houses were burnt down in 1766. After the fire the houses were rebuilt anew and the historical town centre gained a baroque character.

Industrial development of the town during the 19th century was important for its overall development. The opening of the railway in 1883 also contributed to this development.


According to legend Světlá was founded and named by Charles IV. Whilst hunting he got lost in the local deep forests and only after wandering around for a long time an open forest led him to a valley with a river. His retinue discovered him there. Charles IV had the part of the forest cut down and here he founded a settlement with the name Světlá (light) as a memento. The real foundation of Světlá is connected with the inner colonisation that had taken place up to the second half of the 12th century. The commemorative book of the former Vilémov Monastery lists Světlá as its property as early as in 1207. In 1385 Albrecht of Štenberk gained Světlá in bond. His son Štěpán built a fortress here with a moat to protect it. Afterwards Světlá became the king’s property and then in 1429 Mikuláš Trčka of Lípa gained it. He rebuilt the fortress into a Renaissance palace; he started a reconstruction of the church during which he built a school and a hospital for the poor. The family of Trčka died out under the sword when the powerful Jan Rudolf died in 1634.

Afterwards Světlá became the property of a progression of catholic aristocrats. The period of its development began under the Kolowrats. Filip Kolowrat founded the Czech garnet-cutting works in 1752. His son Leopold continued supporting the production. He promoted new methods of farming and took care of the education of his subjects’ children. During his life the palace of Světlá was converted into a military hospital that was extended in 1813 when an epidemic of typhus ravaged not only the soldiers but also the civilian population.

In 1855 Světlá was promoted to town status and its later fortunes are particularly connected with the development of the glass industry. The last post-war owner of the manor was Richard Morawetz who was forced to emigrate by the imminent threat of Nazi persecution.

Světlá is the town of glass and stone. A symbol of these industries is represented by a monument standing on the local square since 1992. The largest glass factory (the Josefodolská) was rebuilt from a former paper mill in 1861. In 1967 building of a new large glass factory started – the present Sklo Bohemia a.s.

Another important industry is granite mining and granite processing. The largest quarry in this area is Horka whose granite is used among other things for facings and surfaces of outstanding buildings such as Prague Castle, Karolinum or the National Theatre.


The date of the town’s establishment is not known, the most ancient reliable information about Telč dates back to the period between 1333 and 1335 when the whole region belonged to Czech King John of Luxembourg. After 1339 Telč was owned by the family of the Lords of Hradec who considerably influenced the town’s character. A former water fortress with a Gothic castle was transformed into a splendid Renaissance city. Zachariáš of Hradec (1526-1589) employed Italian craftsmen to rebuild the old castle into a grandiose Renaissance residence. During the reconstruction of the castle the Gothic houses on the square were also rebuilt in Renaissance style, which has been preserved up to the present day. From 1604 onwards Telč belonged to the Slavata family, the Lichteinstein-Kastelkorn family and the Podstatský-Lichteinstein family respectively – its last owner up to 1945. In the 17th and the 18th centuries the town was the seat of a Jesuit order that contributed through its building reconstructions to town’s present character.


The present town was built on the foundations of a historically important medieval settlement. Its beginnings are closely connected with the foundation of the Benedictine monastery in 1101. Princes who belonged to the Moravian branch of the reigning Přemyslid dynasty founded the monastery. The town emblem is also derived from the Benedictine order – three black monk hoods on silver caber on a red background. The monastery’s favourable position among the royal towns of Brno, Jihlava and Znojmo was the impulse for establishing the town on the both sides of the Jihlava River. The first preserved document dates back to 1277.

In the first half of the 13th century the world-famous Romanesque-Gothic Basilica of St. Prokop was built. In 1335 the settlement of Třebíč was promoted to town status. The periods of town and monastery development alternated with periods of stagnation and decay during the following centuries. The turning point in the rich history of the town was in 1468 when it was nearly destroyed during the Czech and Hungarian War. Afterwards the monastery estate was passed over to secular manorial nobility. At present the reconstructed town is one of the largest settlements of the Highlands.


The town Žďár nad Sázavou is situated on the upper reaches of the Sázava. It had developed from a trade settlement located on the old provincial business path at the Sázava ford. The establishment of the Cistercian monastery in 1252 contributed to the completion of the colonisation of this region, to the fish farming development and to the extraction of ore. At the beginning of the 17th century the whole demesne together with the small town was joined to the diocese of Olomouc and afterwards it directly passed to the possession of cardinal František Dichtrištejn. He promoted Žďár to town in 1607 and the town became an important guild centre – of weaving production in particular.

The town centre is situated on the rise of the left riverside of Sázava. It has an asymmetric quadrangular square with an originally Renaissance Town hall and plague column. Behind it, in the town periphery, there is the building of former fortress rebuilt in modern style and the Gothic church of St. Prokop.

The second part of town with historic monuments is located around the palace – a former monastery. During the13th and the 14th century the monastery was the biggest landowner and the main power on the Czech and Moravian boundary. During the Hussite upheavals it was burnt down probably in 1423. Its biggest development was reached in the first half of the 18th century when the monastery was an important cultural centre -in particular under administration of an educated abbot Václav Vejmluva. He charged Jan Santini-Aichl, an outstanding Prague architect of high barocco.

Olomoucký kraj

Visit the Jeseníky Mountains and their foothills, rich in natural and historical monuments, full of marked tourist paths. Central Moravia is one of the most attractive areas of the Czech Republic, with pleasant environment, ancient monuments and numerous sports facilities.

The Jeseníky mountains with the foothills are a mountain paradise with a lot of natural, historical and technical treasures. In summer, you can find hundreds of well-marked trails for both hiking and biking. In addition to the renowned winter sports centres, also spas, sights and cultural events are the reasons why to visit the Jeseniky even in winter.


The centre of the region is the town of Jeseník. Originally it was called Freiwaldau (Frývaldov), which can be translated as a “free forest“. The former Gräfenberg spa, famous throughout Europe, now renamed to Jeseník spa is part of the city today. It was founded by Vincenz Priessnitz, who joined its hydrotherapy principles to exercise programmes. Numerous memorials, subscribed for by his patients, recall the success of Priessnitz’s methods. Currently, neuroses and diseases of the respiratory system are being treated here. The house, where Priessnitz was born is now being used as an exhibition centre. In order to learn more about the history of spa, you can follow the the natural trail in the surrounding countryside.

The region of Jeseník has long been notorious for the witch trials that are marked by several stopping points on the biking trial “Čarodejnická cyklostezka”. North-east of the town of Jeseník spreads Česká Ves. There you can visit a covered swimming-pool and a modern adrenalin park in the ranch Orel. Near Jeseník, in Dolní Lipová, Johann Schroth has founded climatic spa, formed by means of a complex of buildings. From here it is not far to the caves Na Pomezí. And should you be heading to the saddle “Videlské sedlo”, you will get to Bělá pod Pradědem. From here, marked hiking trials lead to the most attractive peaks of the Hrubý Jeseník Mountains, Šerák, Keprník, and also to the highest mountain of Jeseníky Mountains, the Praděd. These destinations also attract tourists from the saddle “Červenohorské sedlo”, a winter ski resort.

Javornicko a Žulovsko

After the borders were opened, Javorník and Žulová district, the area of woods, ponds and flooded quarries, have once again become an interesting destination for tourists who want to get to know the natural beauty of the Rychlebské Mountains and also for visitors who would like to head for interesting places in the Silesia and Kladsko district. We can recommend the romantic town of Paczkova or the largest hill-top fortress in central Europe, Srebrna Góra.

Despite the constant growth in the tourist trade in this area, the Javorník district has remained a place to find peace and quiet. Javorník, which is nowadays the centre of the area below the Rychlebské Mountains, used to be a village beneath the castle on Jánský Vrch. The discovery of silver ore and iron ore was the begin-ning of the prosperity of Javorník. The town flourished one more time in the past under Schaffgotsch, the bishop of Vratislava. Nowadays, the main attraction of Javorník is the castle.
Another centre of this area, the town Vidnava, which dates back to 1291, has had a different development. After loosing the administration function, its downfall was brought about by wartime disasters, fires and finally by the division of Silesia.

Due to these developments, Vidnava is nowadays an urban conservation area with a renaissance castle and houses in the square. The little town of Žulová, with a significant church annexed to the tower of the former castle Frýdberk, is a starting point for the Rychlebské Mountains. On the way to the mountains we pass by the charming waterfalls “Nýznerovské vodopády”. Ca 200 quarries nearby show the evidence of the boom in the mining of quality granite, which is exported to the whole of Europe.

Ramzovské sedlo

In order to visit the highest main-line station in the Czech Republic, you have to set out for the Ramzová Sad-dle, where not only express but also many other trains bring hundreds of summer tourists and winter skiers a day. Yet in prehistoric times it was a road from Moravia to Silesia that led through the Saddle.
The Ramzová settlement was not founded until 1786. Currently there is a ski resort and a mountain railway for Mini Carts. The Ramzová Saddle is a starting point for hiking trails to Hrubý Jeseník, especially to the Šerák Peak, where you can also go by lift, and further to Keprník, Vozka and Červená hora, under which you will be welcomed by the saddle "Červenohorské sedlo".
The neighbouring village Petříkov has grown into a tourist and ski centre with managed cross country trails leading to the cottage at Paprsek, to the Smrk Mountain and further to the Rychleby Mountains.

Below Ramzová lies another ski resort, the Ostružná village. From here tourist and skiing trails lead to Region of Staré Město, or to the mentioned Rychleby Mountains and Hrubý Jeseník. The alpine character of the Keprník massif is very attractive due to both the summer and winter beauty of the landscape . Should you go down to Jeseník, you will get to the Horní Lipová, where there is a small but unique railway Museum. On the Moravian side of the Ramzová Saddle a small town Branná, a former administrative manor with a castle at earlier times, and a chateau afterwards, is situated. The chateau, together with the church and the farmstead, represents a unique complex of Renaissance buildings. From Branná, hiking trails lead ,among other destinations, to the legendary Vozka Mountain.

Staroměstsko a Hanušovicko

For mountain lovers, who prefer remote areas far away from crowds of tourists, the region of Staré Město is an ideal landscape. A castle in Branná at earlier times and later, a chateau, were the administrative centre of the region. The Staré Město pod Sněžníkem, whose town hall recalls the period of its greatest prosperity, was the economic centre of the Kolštejn manor. The newly built road to the saddle "Kladské sedlo" with a link to Poland offers attractions on the Polish side of the Králický Sněžník. The road is also popular among bikers – but you have to be fit.

Amongst the attractions in the region of the Staré město belong concrete fortresses built before the Second World War, some of which are accessible today. Both summer and winter trips to Králický Sněžník and hiking trails in the surroundings of the Staré Město in order to visit the cottages on Návrší and Paprsek are a unique experience. Skiers may take advantage of the newly-built chair lifts at the Paprsek and Stříbrnice and cross country skiers will appreciate well managed trails in the Staré město and Paprsek regions.

The southernmost part of the region occupies one of the youngest cities in the Czech Republic, Hanušovice, famous for its brewery. The town of Hanušovice is an important railway junction, from which you can go in four directions, to Jeseník, Šumperk, Letohrad and StaréMěsto pod Sněžníkem. South of Hanušovice lies Nový hrad, one of the biggest medieval romantic fortresses in Moravia. Among other attractive places.  In the Hanušovice region there is the forest Hrubý les.


The region of Zlaté Hory is the starting point for trips to the Polish border, particularly to the lakes "Otmuchov-ská jezera", and to Nisa and Prudnik. Zlaté Hory was an important gold mining centre in the past. Predominantly a mining settlement it received a town charter in 1306. In those times it was called Zuckmantel and presented the commercial background of the near-by castle Edelštejn. Even after the exhaustion of the mines the town flourished, this time due to development of cloth and duvet-cover production and the yarn trade. The mining activity ceased in the late 19th century. It was restored in the sixth decade of the last century however and until 1994 non-ferrous metals and also some gold was mined.

The glorious history of the city is recalled in the Municipal Museum on the town square. A shadow in the history of Zlaté Hory is that of the witch trials. (This city was a place of birth of the notorious inquisitor Franz Heinrich Boblig) Reminders of the gold mining are the golden mills in the mining museum, mining natural trials and an annual competition in gold mining. The renowned pilgrimage Church of the Virgin Mary the Helper near Zlaté Hory, a former famous pilgrimage site, once again draws its adherents.

The natural reservoir Rejvíz with its small lakes "Mechová jezírka" and rare flora species is considered to be the pearl of Zlaté Hory. Rocks brought by a glacier from Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea can be found both in region of Zlaté Hory and Vidnava region. These rocks represent namely porphyry, claws, calcites with fossils and also wandering boulders from the Finnish granite, the so called Rapakivi.


The region of Zábřeh is situated in between the Jeseníky Mountains and the region of Olomouc – Haná. Itswestern part is the starting point to the Orlické Mountains. The national park Březná with cobble seas, wide range of protected animal species and spring snowflakes spreads on part of the Zábřeh Region. The rivers Březná and Moravská Sázava flow through the region, forming romantic and symmetrical valleys, which can be visited using any one of the biking trials. Water-loving tourists will appreciate rafting or canoeing on the Morava river.

The town Zábřeh, the centre of the region, has a rich history and is famous for its association with of Jan Eskymo Welzl, the polar traveller and adventurer. An exhibition is dedicated to this Eskymo leader and globetrotter in the Museum situated in the "Dům pod podloubím", the birthplace of the wife of Jan Amos Komenský. Zábřeh is intersected by the railway line Olomouc – Prague. Its completion is marked by a memorial on the hill above the city of Hoštejn. Lake Oborník in Zábřeh and a nearby dam reservoir Nemilka are popular fishing resorts.

Another significant centre of the region is the town Štíty, famous for the sport resort of the Olympic winner Aleš Valenta – the Acrobat Park. The square in Štíty, with a dominant Baroque church, is declared a Historical Town District. Among popular holiday destinations nearby there are Bozeňov near the dam in Dolní Bušínov and Heroltice u Štítů. A good reason for exploring this region may be the multiplicity of easy trips, especially fofamilies with children.


Cultural-events lovers head to Šumperk famous for its folklore and blues festivals. For tourists who love mountains both in summer and winter there are the peaks of Hrubý Jeseník. The town of Šumperk, the centre of the region, was founded before 1278 and upgraded to a chartered royal town in 1562. From the second half of the 17th century, this was the only place in Central Europe where noted upholstery fabrics were produced, the manufacturing process of which was kept a strict secret. During the 19th century it became a significant textile centre with eleven spinning mills and eleven silk factories. This period is still recalled by magnificent buildings that gave the town its nickname of "Little Vienna".

Among significant tourist attractions there are Velké Losiny in the valley Desná with a beautiful Renaissance chateau, a unique hand paper-mill and one of the oldest thermal spas in Moravia. Velké Losiny and Šumperk came too to unwanted attention as the centre of the most mass witch trials in the Czech lands. Another small spa can be found in Bludov.

A new tourist and sport centre is growing in Loučná nad Desnou. The pumped storage hydro plant Dlouhé Stráně is a much admired monumental ediface. The nearby saddle "Červenohorské sedlo" is a winter-sport resort and a starting point of many hiking trials to Hrubý Jeseník. Among other ski resorts there are Přemyslov and Klepáčov. From Skřítek, the popular stopping-off place on the way from Šumperk to Bruntál, it is possible to reach the highest peak of the Jeseníky Mountains, Praděd.

Jihomoravský kraj

South Moravian Region

South Moravia is an economically important region, in a favourable position in the South-Eastern part of the Czech Republic. It borders Austria and Slovakia, and has always been a strategic crossroads in Europe. The South Moravian Region is fourth in size with its territory and third with its number of inhabitants among the other regions of the Czech Republic. This is where numerous towns and villages were born, during centuries, along its rivers, and where Christianity made its way into Europe. The slopes of the hills are covered by vineyards and orchards now, as they were then. To its visitors, the surrounding areas of Brno offer a varied range of cultural, natural, and technical sights; fans of modern architecture and lovers of Jewish heritage will also be pleased. Four local sights are entered in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List. Due to the fertile position of the region, attractive folklore and wine tourism have a tradition here.

Therefore, when you scan the map for an ideal destination for your next holiday and your eye rests on South Moravia, do not hesitate a minute but set off on your journey. It is no coincidence that together with Prague and South Bohemia, the South Moravian Region belongs to the most visited regions of the Czech Republic.

Brno and surrounding

Brno is the commercial and social centre of the economically important region of South Moravia. With a population of 380,000 it is the second largest city in the Czech Republic. It is the seat of important state and independent institutions, including several highest state authorities and diplomatic representations of several countries. The city is also a trade fair centre of Central Europe – every year fifty international fairs and exhibitions take place here. The city is also the cultural centre of the region with its countless theatres, museums, cinemas, and shops including accompanying services, and a number of social and sports events. The region has a unique position thanks to a perfect blend of all the facilities of a big city and many tourist destinations in its vicinity. One of the most attractive spots, the Slavkov - Austerlitz Battlefield monument zone, is where one of the largest army battles in history took place in 1805: the Battle of Austerlitz.

Palava Hills and Lednice – Valtice Complex

This region of fluvial forests, vineyards and fertile fields in the southernmost corner of Moravia is famous for its rich history, folk traditions, and numerous monuments. Warmth and the lowland character at the confluence of the rivers Dyje and Morava gave rise to a typical natural community – a floodplain landscape with the largest remains of a floodplain forest preserved in Europe. The extraordinary value of this area is proven by the fact that there are two sites under the protection of UNESCO in the immediate vicinity - Lower Morava Biosphere Reserve and Lednice-Valtice cultural landscape, which comprises approximately 200 km2 of composed landscape (probably the largest in the world) with two châteaux, numerous salets, i.e. small romantic structures such as colonnades, sculptures and forest temples, manors etc. embedded in the landscape which slowly moves from the park-style gardens into the landscape nicely complemented by rare species of trees, constructed ponds etc.

Moravian Karst and surroundings

One of the environmentally cleanest areas of the Czech Republic with beautiful nature and more than a thousand caves lures people every year to discover the fascinating beauty of the underground world. Extensive networks of dripstone caves are hidden underground and their presence is disclosed by further peculiarities – water streams sinking, submerged rivers, sink holes and terrain downcasts including deep gorges with limestone rock formations which serve as excellent climbing grounds. This pleasant and healthy natural environment is ideal for a holiday and is a place where outdoor sports can be enjoyed - hiking, cross-country skiing, cycling and horse riding. Besides the natural beauty here you will discover (the) interesting religious buildings, châteaux, ruins of several castles, interesting technical structures and Jewish monuments.

Slovacko region

Moravian Slovakia is characterized by particularly rich, and still lively, folklore traditions with folk songs, national costumes, dances, festivals and traditional crafts. In the north, a natural boundary is created by deep deciduous Ždánický forests and Chřiby mountains, to the south there is the ridge of the White Carpathian Mountains, with a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve of orchid meadows and rare flora and fauna. Slovácko has the Morava River flowing through it, creating beautiful meanders, lined by floodplain forests. An indigenous atmosphere is enhanced by wine tourism, the unique Bata Canal waterway, religious and secular architecture monuments, interesting archaeological sites and a series of unique events and folklore festivals.

Znojmo and Dyje river region

A paradise for all cyclists, wine lovers and those interested in history lies on this border with Austria. Sunny and fertile plains, orchards, and famous vineyards alternate with picturesque hills and deep valleys of several rivers. The most famous one is Dyje, guarded by several powerful castles and romantic châteaux. Along its border with numerous meanders lies the smallest national park of the Czech Republic, Podyjí, with rocky and forested slopes, heath lands, unique forest steppes and a dense network of marked hiking trails and cycle paths. The historical town of Znojmo is the centre of the region, the second largest city of the South Moravian Region and is also the centre of a famous wine region. The castle which towers over the river Dyje makes the city picturesque and is an attraction in itself with its fairy-tale design and horror-like underground dungeons.

For further information visit www.kr-jihomoravsky.cz.

Moravskoslezský kraj

The Moravian-Silesian region is located in the most eastern part of the Czech Republic. From Prague city centre its about 300 km as the crow flies. By converting this figure to a transportation time, it is only 1 hour by air, 3 hours by rail and 4 hours by road. If we perceive the region supra-regionally, its position is very conveniently on the border of three countries almost in the centre of the European area. If tou look at the hole of Europe, the region is situated between the Austrian Vienna,Polish Hornoslezskou agglomeration and Slovak Bratislava. Power of this position throughout the region is further emphasized by the regional participants trying to link some of the activities of Moravian-Silesian region, Žilina Autonomous Region and Województwa Śląskiego in certain activities with a view of creating significant territorial centres in the European perspective.

City of Ostrava is the residential town of the Region with over 300.000 inhabitants. Ostrava is the third-largest city in the Czech Republic, situated 10 km from the border with Poland and 50km from the border with Slovakia. It was formerly a heavy industrial city and now it is the most important traffic and business center of Northern Moravia and Silesia and one of the most important knowledge centres of the Czech Republic. There are three universities – one of them is a well known Polytechnical University. Ostrava is also a cultural city with four theaters, galleries and is famous for holding of concerts, festivals and sport events.

Jeseníky – protected landscape area

A magnificent region with abundant flora and fauna, captivating mountains with gorgeous views of the valley, dense forests, crystalline waterfalls, and mysterious caves. In the summer the Jeseníky offer hundreds of well-marked trails for both hikers and cyclists.You can set off to Rejvíz and the largest peat bog in Moravia, to Mt.Praděd, at 1,492 metres above sea level the highest peak in Moravia,to the Šerák – Keprník Nature Reserve, or to the highly significant Velká kotlina Nature Reserve. The entire territory is laced with a great number of educational trails, from which, among others, you can enjoy cascades and waterfalls along the Bílá Opava River. You will encounter underground treasures in the Na Špičáku Caves, the oldest recorded caves in Central Europe. The caves feature barrier-free access. Likewise exceptional are the Na Pomezí Caves, which belong to the largest system of caves in the Czech Republic created by dissolved marble. In the wintertime the Jeseníky offer countless skiing oportunities, for beginners up to experienced skiers. Five spas also make the Jeseníky a fantastic therapeutic destination.


The largest protected area in the Czech Republic stretches into the Moravian-Silesian and Zlín Regions. The charming landscape is created by high hills with mixed forests, sweeping meadows, which were formerly perfect pastures, and deep valleys with winding mountain streams. The highest peak is Mt.Lysá (1,323 metres above sea level), which offers unforgettable views of the surrounding area and into Poland and Slovakia. Each year the Beskydy Mts. attract thousands of tourists with fresh mountain air, magnificent nature, educational trails, and a wide offer of summer hiking and winter cross-country skiing possibilities. Hiking, cycling, golf, horseback riding, water sports, swimming in the summer and downhill skiing and cross-country skiing on dozens of groomed trails with snow-making equipment in the winter are all available to tourists. Popular centres include Frenštát pod Radhoštěm, Čeladná, Frýdlant n.Ostravicí, Velký Polom, Grúň, Bílá, Mt.Lysá, Horní and Dolní Lomná and others.

For more information see www.kr-moravskoslezsky.cz

Zlínský kraj

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